The cadre of modes available to researchers as they design their studies has grown hugely over the past decade. When researchers once had few choices – relying on face-to-face, landline phone, and mail – they now need to think carefully as they sift through an increasing number of options. In addition to the old standbys, other viable, and often preferable, modes must be considered, including mobile phone, online (without webcam use), and online (with webcam use).
- “Natural” characteristics, i.e., its ability to foster a natural, social conversation environment.
- The ability to share content, e.g., photos, video, documents.
- Rapport building, i.e., its ability to foster researcher-participant rapport.
- The ability to identify cues – verbal and non-verbal – that provide insights beyond direct responses.
- Coverage, i.e., the breadth and depth of geography and the population segment the mode can reach.
- Cost, i.e., the total cost of the study attributable to the mode.
There are, of course, other considerations – such as, convenience, depth of response, and so on – but the six listed are certainly important.
Using these considerations, it can be helpful to visualize the relative value Read Full Text